Sunday, July 28, 2019

Tenth Circuit Breviaries

Last week at the Tenth Circuit:

Postconviction

In Eaton v. Pacheco, a federal district court partially granted Section 2254 relief to Mr. Eaton, vacating his Wyoming death sentence. But the district court affirmed Mr. Eaton's convictions for murder and other crimes, and refused to bar the state from conducting new death-penalty proceedings. On appeal, the Tenth Circuit affirmed, holding that (1) the district court was not required to hold an evidentiary hearing on Mr. Eaton's ineffective-assistance-of-counsel-claims; (2) the district court did not err in denying those claims; (3) the district court did not err in refusing to bar further death-penalty proceedings; and (4) Mr. Eaton's Brady claim was waived (as to sentencing) and beyond the scope of his certificate of appealability (as to guilt).

Of particular interest to postconviction practitioners are Eaton's discussions of Pinholster; of stand-alone IAC claims versus IAC as cause/prejudice to excuse procedural default; and of the need for specificity in requesting Section 2254 relief.

The Tenth Circuit also reminds all appellate practitioners in Eaton that arguments raised perfunctorily in an opening brief, or for the first time in a reply brief will be considered waived.

Sentencing: organizer/leader versus manager/supervisor

Check out United States v. Rubio-Sepulveda (unpublished) for a detailed discussion of what makes an organizer/leader versus a manager/supervisor under USSG 3B1.1. In this case the Tenth Circuit held that the district court clearly erred when it applied the organizer/leader enhancement to Mr. Rubio-Sepulveda.
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